Posts tagged ‘Zambia’

Zambia in 2011 – A Stock Take

Zambia goes to the polls on 20 September 2011.

Where does Zambia stand in 2011? What are the key political and economical challenges facing Zambia? How the current government performed in addressing these? What should be the focus of the new administration that assumes power on 21 September 2011? We shall examine the current challenges facing Zambia by examining three areas : economic, political and social performance of Zambia in 2011. Under the economic development we shall review Zambias macro performance and the key supporting economic sectors such as mining, agriculture, tourism and transport. Under political development, we shall examine the current governance framework and the extent to which it is fit for purpose to deliver not only growth but genuine freedom – a review of where Zambia stands constitutionally, civil society and the balance of power between the people and those who govern them. Under social development, we shall review key social sectors like health, justice and community development. How are these sectors performing and what policies are needed to move them forward

Find more information on The Zambian and the party manifesto of Zambian Parties here: MMD, PF and other political parties.

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September 4, 2011 at 14:03 Leave a comment

PF Manifesto 2011 Zambia

Please click PF 2011 Manifesto Zambia to see the full version as a pdf-file.

Patrotic Front (from the Original document)

2011 – 2016 Manifesto

This document is the property of the Patriotic Front and shall not be reproduced or printed without the express authority of the Party. Produced by the Office of the Secretary General and approved by the Central Committee of the Party

FOREWORD

Zambia will be celebrating 47 years of independence as the country goes to the polls in 2011, but with very little to show to its citizens in the areas of social and economic development. The economy of Zambia has continued to slide into the abyss whilst the country’s resources have continued to be mismanaged and misapplied by the MMD government. The MMD government has shown many a time that it is not accountable to the people of Zambia. The constitutional making process through the National Constitutional Conference (NCC) on which the MMD government spent a colossal sum of over K135 billion, the sale of the Zambia Telecommunications Company (Zamtel) and the repeal of the abuse of office provision in the Anti-Corruption Act in 2010, were processes opposed by the people of Zambia but which were undertaken by a government acting with impunity and contempt towards its citizens. Once again the dream by the Zambian people to enact a legitimate constitution has been betrayed by the regime in power. We cannot continue to witness the deliberate and systematic destruction of our country at this rate. The country needs a new leadership which shall provide a new vision to take the reins of government and thence redeem its citizens from vices such as corruption, abuse of public resources, tribalism, nepotism and unaccountability to citizens. The education and health sectors as well as the poor provision of employment opportunities – key components of any nation’s human development index -have continued to perform poorly in Zambia. In fact, the recent 2010 edition of the Human Development Index ranks Zambia’s negative performance at number 150 out of 169 countries. The MMD government has been boasting of economic growth but this is due purely to a copper boom on the international market which is driving up our “paper” GDP. None of this economic growth is reaching the people in the villages and townships – it is not pro-poor growth such as PF will aim to create. Access to quality education and health care for the majority of our people has remained only a pipedream while the elite continue to promote their predatory social and economic habits at the expense of the majority. Fellow Zambians, only an irresponsible government can continue to be oblivious and turn a blind eye to such social and economic inequities amongst its citizens. The human dignity of a country lies in its citizens irrespective of their station in life. To guarantee human rights in the constitution without the promotion of human dignity of individual citizens is not only a meaningless exercise but also a mockery to them. Our people are in need of food, shelter, access to clean water, health care facilities, a sustainable environment, social justice and employment. To keep itself in power the MMD government has over the years worked very hard to centralize control in its own hands. This applies to the separation of powers in the classical sense. But it has also deliberately continued to weaken the power base of our traditional rulers and hence exclude them from direct government administration. The MMD government has refused to implement the decentralization of government administration which would incorporate both elected local leaders and traditional rulers in the governance of the country. The gender policy has been a complete failure as women have continued to be marginalized or excluded from the mainstream decision making organs. Despite Zambia having been declared a Christian nation under the constitution the MMD government has continued to antagonize the church and marginalize it in matters of governance and national development with the civil society suffering the same fate against all democratic principles known to any civilized society in the 21st century. No country can attain its social and economic development goals without the active participation of the youth. However, the youth in Zambia have yet to play their positive role as a result of the MMD government’s inability to formulate and implement policies which would promote youth empowerment in business or guarantee educational opportunities. Unemployment figures amongst the youth have continued to rise. This is irrespective of the levels of academic qualifications obtained as employment opportunities are nonexistent. For those who attain admission to institutions of higher learning they are subjected to prohibitive tuition fees leading to constant withdrawals from their programmes in colleges and universities. The Patriotic Front in government shall seek to address and remedy the foregoing failures using locally driven social and economic initiatives through the empowerment of Zambians while recognizing the important role the donor community plays in complementing these initiatives. We shall seek to promote an inclusive government and open our doors to all stakeholders in running the affairs of state. The fight against corruption shall be driven by independent institutions of government in collaboration with an independent judiciary which commands the respect and confidence of our citizens. Social justice shall form the core of the PF government in its domestic and foreign policy. We, therefore, wish to consummate this social contract with you the citizens of Zambia when you turn out in numbers in 2011 to vote for the Patriotic Front and say “Yes, a better Zambia for all!”

Michael Chilufya Sata
Party President

Table of Contents
Foreword … 4
Core Programmes … 7
1. EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT … 7
2. HEALTHSERVICES … 10
3. AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT … 12
4. LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND HOUSING DEVELOPMENT … 19
Social Sectors … 21
5. SOCIAL PROTECTION … 22
6. PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES INSTITUTIONAL REFORMS … 24
7. SOCIAL SECURITY REFORMS … 24
8. WOMEN IN SOCIO- ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND GENDER … 24
9. YOUTHS IN SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT … 25
10. ARTS AND CULTURE DEVELOPMENT … 25
11. SPORTS AND RECREATION DEVELOPMENT … 26
Economic Sectors … 28
12. INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT … 28
13. TOURISM DEVELOPMENT … 29
14. LANDSDEVELOPMENT … 31
15. ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT … 32
16. LABOUR AND INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS REFORMS … 33
17. FINANCE AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLANNING … 33
18. ENERGYDEVELOPMENT … 37
19. MINES AND MINERALS DEVELOPMENT … 39
20. COMMERCE, TRADE AND INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT … 40
21. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT … 41
Governance and the Administration of the State … 42
22. LEGAL AND CONSTITUTIONAL REFORMS … 42
23. ELECTORAL REFORMS … 42
24. GOOD GOVERNANCE AND PUBLIC SERVICE REFORMS … 43
25. JUDICIAL INSTITUTIONAL REFORMS … 47
26. THE CHURCH AND CIVIL SOCIETY IN NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT … 48
27. MEDIA REFORMS … 49
28. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND COOPERATION … 50

August 20, 2011 at 14:04 3 comments

MMD Manifesto 2011 Zambia

Please click MMD 2011 Manifesto Zambia  to open the full document as pdf-file.

MMD Manifesto 2011 – 2016 (from the Original document)

“DEVELOPMENT BY ALL, FOR ALL”

CONTENTS (sic! Contents number below do not always fit to the chapter numbers in the text.) … PAGE
1. MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT … 1
2. MMD, OUR POLITICAL PARTY … 3
3. WORKING TOGETHER FOR A PROSPEROUS ZAMBIA … 5
4. SECTORAL POLICIES AND PROGRAMMES … 10
5. DEMOCRACY AND GOVERNANCE PROGRAMMES … 10
6. CONSTITUTIONAL REVIEW … 10
7. DECENTRALISATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT … 11
8. GENDER IN DEVELOPMENT … 13
9. INFORMATION AND MEDIA FREEDOM … 14
10. DEFENCE AND SECURITY … 15
11. FOREIGN AFFAIRS … 16
12. ECONOMIC POLICIES AND PROGRAMMES … 17
13. ECONOMIC POLICIES AND OBJECTIVES … 17
14. COMMERCE, TRADE AND INDUSTRY … 18
15. MANUFACTURING AND INVESTMENT PROMOTION …19
16. MICRO, SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPISES … 20
17. TOURISM … 20
18. MINING AND MINERAL RESOURCES … 21
19. AGRICULTURE, LIVESTOCK AND FISHERIES … 23
20. LAND … 25
21. PROTECTION OF THE ENVIRONMENT … 25
22. SOCIAL SERVICE POLICIES AND PROPGAMMES … 26
23. EDUCATION … 26
24. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY … 27
25. HEALTH SERVICES … 28
26. HOUSING AND SHELTER … 30
27. WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION … 30
28. ENERGY … 31
29. LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT … 32
30. COMMUNITY AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT … 33
31. YOUTH AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT … 34
32. TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATION … 35
33. INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT … 37
34. BENCH MARKS FOR A PROSPEROUS ZAMBIA … 38

ABBREVIATIONS

ACC    Anti-Corruption Commission
AIDS    Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
ARV    Anti-Retro-Viro
AU    African Union
BHCP    Basic Health Care Packages
BOZ    Bank of Zambia
CDF    Constituency Development Fund
COMESA    Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
CRC    Constitution Review Commission
DEC    Drug Enforcement Commission
DIP    Decentralisation Implementation Plan
ECZ    Electoral Commission of Zambia
ERTC    Electoral Reforms Technical Committee
FISP    Farm Input Supply Programme
FDI    Foreign Direct Investment
FOI    Freedom of Information
FSDP    Financial Sector Development Plan
FSP    Food Security Pack
GDP    Gross Domestic Product
GNI    Gross National Income
HIPC    Highly Indebted Poor Countries
HIV    Human Immunodeficiency Virus
HRC    Human Rights Commission
IBA    Independent Broadcasting Authority
ICT    Information Communication Technology
IDP    Integrated Development Plan
IT    Information Technology
JCA     Judicial Complaints Authority
MDG    Millennium Development Goal
MFEZ    Multi Facility Economic Zone
MMD     Movement for Multi-Party Democracy
MNC     Multi National Corporation
MSME     Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
MTEF     Medium Term Expenditure Framework
MT     Metric Tonnes
MW     Mega Watts
NCC     National Constitutional Conference
NGOs     Non-Governmental Organisations
NRWSSP     National Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Programme
NUPWSSP National Urban and Peri-Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Programme
OAG     Office of Auditor General
OIG     Office of Investigator General
PPCA     Police Public Complaints Authority
PPP     Public Private Partnership
PWA     Public Welfare Assistance
REA     Rural Electrification Authority
REMP     Rural Electrification Master Plan
ROADSIP Road Sector Investment Programme
RDT     Rapid Diagnostic Test
RMI     Road Maintenance Initiative
SADC     Southern African Development Community
SC     State Counsel
SWAP     Sector Wider Approach
SCTS     Social Cash Transfer Scheme
SOMAP     Sustainable Operation Maintenance Programme
TAZARA     Tanzania Zambia Railways
TEVET     Technical Education, Vocational and Entrepreneurship Training
TQF     Training Qualification Framework
ZAMAC     Zambia Anti-Personnel Mine Action Centre
ZANIS     Zambia News and Information Services
ZCCM     Zambia Consolidated Copper Mines
ZDA     Zambia Development Agency
ZESCO     Zambia Electricity Supply Corporation
ZNBC     Zambia National Broadcasting Corporation
ZNTB     Zambia National Tourism Board
ZRA     Zambia Revenue Authority
ZP     Zambia Police
ZPPA     Zambia Public Procurement Authority
ZRA     Zambia Revenue Authority.

1.0 MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT

Country men and women,

I have the pleasure and privilege of presenting to you, the people of Zambia, this manifesto, whose theme is “Development by all, for all”. This is in the hope that it will help you understand why you should vote for the Movement for Multi-party Democracy (MMD) in the 2011 General Elections. The forthcoming General Elections will be held at a time when the world is still struggling to emerge from a serious and difficult recession which has created economic problems for all nations, including ours. This Manifesto gives the people of Zambia an opportunity to make clear political choices between rhetoric and substance. We are fortunate to have escaped the global financial crisis relatively unscathed, largely due to the measures the MMD government took. We are proud of our country and the way it has changed since 1991. The forth coming elections offer our people yet another opportunity to continue rebuilding our economy, protect and reform our frontline public services as we strengthen our society. We are committed to continue reconnecting our Party to the hopes and aspirations of the ordinary people.

Country men and women

The global financial crisis has shown us that there is need to be bolder in confronting our economic recovery, protecting the gains we have made, building on our past successes and focussing on the future. Our Manifesto offers our country a future which is fair and just to all our people. It is our collective hopes, needs and voices which shape this Manifesto. This is a progressive Manifesto which recognises the endeavours being made by our farmers, workers, entrepreneurs, ordinary men, women and the youth of our country, who work so hard to contribute to our economic well-being. These are the influences that will make us successful as a country. We know that we need to do more to achieve the objectives contained in this Manifesto. I want to assure you that we are determined to do more. During the last five years, we have combined investment and reform and improved our frontline public services in the fields of education, health, infrastructure development, agriculture, tourism, mining, public transport and public security to mention only some. Now we need to rise to the challenges of doing more and achieving more for our people by spending more money on these priority sectors. I appeal to you to vote for me as President of the Republic of Zambia, so that in my last term 2011 to 2016, I can continue working on the many programmes which my  Party the MMD and I have started. I also urge you to vote for MMD Members of Parliament in your constituencies and MMD local Government Councillors in your wards, so that they can support me and the progressive MMD policies and programmes. In this manifesto we have outlined our achievements in the last five years and provided a roadmap for the next five years. We have reaffirmed our commitment to fight poverty, unemployment and corruption. We shall continue to provide a liberal economic environment and create renewed local and foreign investor confidence. We shall work for the continued achievements of positive growth in areas of the economy such as commerce and industry, tourism, mining, agriculture and infrastructure development. We shall ensure continued prudent management of our public resources through a transparent and accountable system of governance. We shall involve all Zambians in reaping the rewards of our policies through affirmative empowerment and in keeping our country on the sustainable growth path.

Country men and Women

The experience our party has gained in economic, social and political governance is second to none. It is my hope and expectation that the people of Zambia will interrogate all the political parties taking part in these elections about their policies and programmes and what they intend to offer the people of Zambia beyond mere rhetoric. It is my view that rhetoric alone and false promises will not solve the problems our country faces. These can only be tackled and resolved through carefully thought out policies and programmes of the MMD as outlined in this Manifesto. I have the fullest confidence that you will vote for the party which has given you peace, stability and development and which offers you a better future. That party is the MMD. Our policies reflect the wishes and aspirations of the people of Zambia. The MMD will remain focused and faithful to this manifesto in all the areas outlined in it. A vote for me as President of the Republic of Zambia and for all the MMD Parliamentary and Local Government candidates will be an investment in a better and more just future for all. As a mass party that is rooted in the people, reaching into every corner of our land, the MMD has the will, the capacity and the policies, based on our proven experience, to build a stable and prosperous future for all Zambians.

Country men and Women

The choice is yours, you can choose to continue taking our country forward or taking it backwards and reversing all the gains and values we have worked so hard to achieve. It is my belief that you will vote wisely and intelligently to safeguard your future and that of your children, grandchildren and generations yet unborn. It is my submission that there is no credible alternative to the MMD government. Working together we can do more to achieve “development by all, for all”.

RUPIAH BWEZANI BANDA
PRESIDEN

August 20, 2011 at 13:55 Leave a comment

UNIP Manifesto 2001 Zambia

To see the full document, please click UNIP 2001 Manifesto Zambia to open a pdf-file.

UNITED NATIONAL INDEPENDENT PARTY (from the Original document)

UNIP MANIFESTO 2001

LUSAKA NOVEMBER 2000

1. Message From the President

This manifesto is UNIP’s vision for Zambia in the new millennium. It is about our future, the future of our children and that of our families. This manifesto is about the people of Zambia, realising their hopes, meeting their needs and taking concrete steps to achieve them. It is the vision of how the women and men of UNIP plan to build a just and equitable society by rebuilding Zambia, once again, into a viable economy and a prosperous society. Indeed, for the first time since 1991, the People of Zambia can look forward to an era of hope for real fulfilment and prosperity, in dignity and unity. In the past eight years, our country has changed and changed for the worse. Our men and women in government have subjected our country to gross abuse. Our people have been thrown out of employment into misery and insecurity. Our children have been forced out of school, thrown into the streets, vending trinkets, apples oranges, and grapes from foreign lands. Our people once respected champions of liberty, freedom and justice and human dignity have been dehumanised and relegated to the fringe of the international society. We can no longer leave the confines of our borders without being anxious that we shall be searched on suspicions of drug trafficking. The MMD government has done the people of Zambia great injustice. It has engaged in deceit while proclaiming democracy. It has engaged in hatred while proclaiming Christianity. It has engaged in fraud and corruption while proclaiming transparency and accountability. The government has been poisoned by collective bad faith and polluted by individual greed. All that was painstakingly build over the years has been looted and shared by the leaders. Industries have been sold (for what one MMD cabinet minister described) as a song. Formal employment has dwindled to a mare 12% of the available labour force. Life expectancy has dropped from 47 years in our time, to 37 years during MMD’s rule. The quality of life is nothing to talk about for the 89% of Zambians. The MMD government has divided us with no hope for unity under an MMD government, as we continue to push our tribal and ethnic agendas. UNIP intends to reverse this political, social and economic tragedy. This manifesto bears testimony to our noble intentions. It is a social contract between UNIP and the people of Zambia to deliver for their betterment. It is a statement of our honest aims and objectives.  At the very heart of this manifesto is our belief that the strength of any nation is its people. Free women and men, with faith in God and in dignity working for themselves and their families, to defend their freedom, dignity, and their diverse heritages under the national motto ONE ZAMBIA ONE NATION. We are confident that Zambians are still eager to face the challenges of the future through hard work and commitment to supplant the tragedy that has befallen Zambia. We have trust in the talent and character of our people and that given the opportunities provided under this manifesto, we can rebuild our economy and society through job creation, handwork, and sustainable economic development for all. Together we can build a nation of free responsible citizens, guided by Gods’ hand. Our vision of a just society can become a reality. This manifesto is but one little step for UNIP, but a giant step for the Zambian society. Your vote for UNIP is a commitment to the future of our children, our families, our country. It is a major step to a fair just and equitable society. In inviting you to vote for UNIP, we do so in recognition of our capacity to deliver on our promises.

A VOTE FOR UNIP IS A VOTE FOR PEACE IS A VOTE FOR PROGRESS IS A VOTE FOR DEVELOPMENT IS A VOTE FOR YOUR CHILDREN AND FAMILY IS A VOTE FOR ZAMBIA’S PROSPEROUS FUTURE

April 5, 2011 at 16:25 1 comment

ULP Manifesto 2007 Zambia

To see the full version of the document, please click ULP 2007 Manifesto Zambia to open a pdf-file.

MANIFESTO 2007

United Liberal Party (ULP)

ZAMBIA THE COUNTRY FOR ALL

Zambia, situated in Southern Africa, is a land-locked country covering 752,612 square kilometres with a population of about 10 million people. Zambia is the third most urbanized country in Africa, with almost 50% Zambians living in urban areas, especially along the line of rail. Zambia is a potentially rich country with abundant natural resources such as land, water, minerals, forests and their biodiversity. Although it has 42 million hectares of arable land, only 6% is cropped annually, mostly under rain-fed agriculture. Rain-fed agriculture comes under severe threat during drought periods. Zambia has a mixed economy consisting of a modern urban-oriented sector confined to the line of rail, and a rural agricultural sector. After attaining political independence in 1964, Zambia was classified as a middle income country and one of the richest countries in Africa. From that time, state-run conglomerates called parastatals dominated the economic sector. Copper mining, the country’s symbol of economic wealth, contributing 95% of export earnings and 45% of government revenue during the decade after political independence, came under severe pressure as world copper prices fell in the mid 1970s. From a production of 713,000 metric tonnes in 1976 to about 300,000 tonnes in 1996, Zambia’s copper mines have continued to register losses and dwindling contribution to the country’s gross domestic product. Since the 1990s, the shrinking mining sector and widespread closures of most industries have compounded the problem of unemployment. Current data indicate that the majority of Zambians in both urban and rural areas are not in formal employment, with only 29% of women living in urban areas working in the formal sector. The shrinking job market, inflation, and the corresponding erosion of real earnings have reduced the capacity of most households to afford basic needs. Poverty and hunger now characterise most households — with per capita incomes of less than US$20. More than 80% of the Zambian population lives in abject poverty and squalor. In addition, Gini coefficients depict that 60% of the country’s income is enjoyed by less than 10% of the population, while 40% of the income is shared by more than 90% of the population.

LOST AND SQUANDERED OPPORTUNITIES FOR DEVELOPMENT

The ULP ascertains with great concern that in the period that the MMD has been in power, our country has been brought into economic chaos and the population is in despair. Political gimmicks and the MMD’s ulterior interests have compromised economic reforms by promoting policies that are inadequate to the national character. The incompetence, dilettantism, the absence and the incoherence of the current government decisions, vis-à-vis the prognosis set up by the ULP specialists, lead us to the conclusion that the achievement of Zambia’s economic straightening is impossible if the MMD government is maintained in power. It is time to recognise that the failure of governing must be stopped immediately if Zambia is to have another chance for economic and social recovery. The successive budgets under the MMD government have not been budgets of austerity, as they claim, but budgets of despair and trickery. Under these circumstances, the ULP finds it absolutely necessary to urgently apply a programme of reconstruction that is aimed at stopping the continued economic decline, create a favourable and stimulative economic background, remake the credibility of our country abroad and, above all, promote real reforms with bearable pace and social costs to the whole population. In this context, the agreements with international bodies must be negotiated and concluded with professionalism, for the benefit of our people so as to allow, concurrently, access to foreign financing, economic recovery, protection of national output, and gradual diminishing of the harsh social costs of the economic reforms. The ULP recognizes that the support of the people is essential if the objectives of our reforms are to be attained. Treating contemptuously the needs of the citizens, ignoring them, changing the reforms into a dogma that must be applied at any cost, even at the expense of life, can create big social discontents and dangers to democracy. In Zambia today, there is too much tension and hatred which cannot be cured by the stick of the police or by tear gas, neither can these ills be cured by diversions nor attempts to compromise and blackmail political opponents. Zambia’s socio-economic and political crises will be worse if we do not replace this confrontation with dialogue, and the dictates of the strong with consensus. Open-ended liberalisation and poor application of market reforms have shifted Zambia from a producer nation to a consumer and supermarket economy. Manufacturing, Mining and Agriculture have collapsed rendering Zambia’s competitive participation in the regional and international economic blocs meaningless. The decade of the MMD in government thus constitutes a lost and squandered opportunities, a scenario that should be frowned upon by the Zambian people. That is why the year 2006 is a crucial year for the future of the Zambian economy and society. Our country can be a victim of chaos and violence if those who lead Zambia will not succeed to stop the collapse of the economy and the deteriorating living standards of the population. We will not succeed to solve social conflicts peacefully if we negate dialogue and negotiation. The MMD government has no solutions at all for this country, at the economic, social and political levels. The ULP, therefore, offers the Zambian people, not only new ideas, a new course, and a new President, but also the promise of opportunity, the dignity of work, and a decent life for all. We will act decisively and ask to be held accountable if we fail to deliver on our promises.

March 30, 2011 at 16:23 Leave a comment

UDA Manifesto 2007 Zambia

To see the full document, please click UDA 2007 Manifesto Zambia to open a pdf-file.

UNITED DEMOCRATIC ALLIANCE  (from the Original document)

UDA Manifesto – Lusaka 2006

1.0 OUR NATION DESERVES BETTER

1.1 ZAMBIA’S REAL Alternative

The United Democratic Alliance (UDA) promises to provide our beloved nation with an accountable leadership that is dynamic, effective, competent and free of corruption. A leadership that will promote national unity and reconciliation and that seeks to bind all our people in the common purpose of eliminating the scourge of perpetual poverty. This will be done in an environment where probity and transparency become watchwords in the management of public affairs. Zambia is in a deep socio-economic crisis. Our children lack decent education, unemployment is at an all time high, disease ravages the nation and more than 80% of the populace cannot meet their daily nutritional requirements. In the midst of such adversity we have no option but to pool our resources and reserves aid tackle the problems that challenge us with single-minded purpose and resolute determination. The UDA is well aware that government alone cannot overcome the myriad problems that afflict our nation but it can provide an environment conducive to the public/private partnership that is imperative if we are to succeed. Therefore to create a climate of confidence in which all sectors of the community feel at liberty to forge anew and promising future is one of our greatest challenges. There is no doubt, unity is strength and to this end the FDD, UNIP and the UPND have chosen to shed their differences in favour of a movement that will inculcate a renewed sense of national purpose and provide the launch-pad from which to reverse our dismal fortunes and create a new country free of poverty where merit is the sole criterion of performance.

1.2 The Vision

The UDA’s Vision is:

To create a united, poverty free, prosperous and non-discriminatory Zambia where the people are in charge of their own development and destiny. This is necessary to deliver on our promise of good governance; to place the political leadership firmly at the service of the people; to fully observe the separation of powers so vital to the checks and balances essential to the protection of our fundamental human rights; to guard against discrimination on grounds of race, gender, religion or ethnicity; to bring joy back into the lives of our people as we face the new dawn with confidence and hope. On a continent famous for famine, violence and disorder we will show the world that we have the courage, fortitude arid political will to make the choices required to lift us out of despair; and to shine a light that will be a beacon of hope that welcomes all men and women of goodwill to join us in our march towards peace and prosperity.

1.3     The Mission

To provide a credible, dependable, respectable and respectful leadership that instils a sense of pride in our people by:

1) Letting the people govern through decentralisation of power in favour of the district and traditional leaderships.

2) Creating and diversifying the economy in which our nationals are the principal players and beneficiaries while reaching out for skills and capital, ever mindful that the common good of the nation should be the prime consideration.

3) Fostering and nurturing of our dependable extended family system in the: sure knowledge that a healthy, happy family is the rock upon which we construct a healthy, happy country

4) Implementing an unshakeable commitment to the universal rights of man where human and property rights are considered sacrosanct and inviolable.

5) Dedicating ourselves to integrity, probity, transparency and accountability in the management of government.

6) Glorifying God Almighty our Creator through respect for life from inception

1.4     The Strategy

At the root of poverty and other problems afflicting Zambia are: over-centralization of government functions, exclusion of our nationals from the main economic activities, corruption and the sheer incompetence in management of national affairs. In the management of public affairs, fewer and fewer officials make decisions, which affect millions of the people. They also expend public funds with no or little reference to the people. Today, Zambia is Lusaka and Lusaka is Zambia. All this is buttressed by sheer incompetence of those charged with managing government affairs. In addition while liberalization has opened up opportunities for individual enterprise, most Zambians are excluded from the mainstream economic activities by consigning them to pretty trading. Therefore, while we acknowledge in no uncertain terms that our development is stifled by lack of capital and skills and we welcome those who would join with us in overcoming those shortcomings we are emphatic that all joint endeavours must be sensitive to our desperate need to improve the of life of our people through stimulating our moribund economy that urgently needs to become dynamic and expansive. Further, due to the curse of corruption the felonies of the few wreak misery on the majority as public officials use their positions for little more than self-aggrandisement at the expense of the people. Consequently, the term ‘civil-servant’ has become a joke. So pervasive is this conduct that it has become a corrosive culture, a virus that is killing our country and as with any potentially terminal disease, drastic intervention is required.

The UDA plans to overcome these problems by:

1. Devolving both economic and political power to the districts.

2. Creating institutions to provide both technical financial support to empower Zambians so that they become principal players and beneficiaries in their own economy and well positioned equal players in the world economy.

3. Recognising the effective role of traditional leaders in development and the role of cultures in the context of a young democracy that is sensitive to our history and values.

4. Sustaining the growth of the economy through making Zambia a safe and attractive destination for capital, skills and commercial endeavour.

5. (Through decentralisation), concentrating our resources on providing quality social services a means to improve the quality of life of our people.

6. Putting Zambia proudly on the podium of the international stage as a country that stands firmly and fearlessly for freedom, democracy and the rights of man.

1.5 UDA the Real Deal

Consistent with many African governments the MMD has allowed its promise of the so-called New Deal, to drift into a conveniently forgotten oblivion leaving the majority of our people worse off than ever before. Where there was consensus now there is confrontation; power for its own sake has become an end in itself and there is a pervasive indifference to the suffering of the majority. Despite a proclaimed commitment to rooting out corruption the facts show that the MMD has done no more than pay lip-service to the problem and the culprits continue to lord their wealth over the victims with impunity. Under MMD Government prosecution of corruption has become selective because only corrupt practices from which MMD or its leadership does not benefit is prosecuted.

To give our nation a fresh start and usher in a new dawn the UDA will:

i) Within 90 days pass the Constituent Assembly Act paving the way for a new constitution which will lead to a national referendum on its acceptance. This will be through a Contract with the People and it will embrace all the principles and guiding rules we need to forge ahead in a prosperous union

ii) Within 30 days implement the Independent Broadcasting Act freeing the airwaves and opening up the country to constructive, vibrant debate that will educate, entertain and enlighten.

iii) Within 30 days turn ZNBC into a public broadcaster.

iv) Within 60 days introduce a Repent and Restitution Commission which will invite all those guilty of graft, plunder and other forms of abuse of office to come forward, confess, repent, return ill-gotten gains and at the pleasure of the presiding commissioners escape further punitive action. The same offer will be open to members of the private sector who have prospered unfairly through bribery, corruption and related crimes. Those who spurn this offer will do so at their dire peril and face the law rath of the law to be enforced by a rejuvenated Anti-Corruption Commission.

v) Within 90 days pass the Freedom of Information Act allowing the public full unfettered voice unconstrained by a secrecy obsessed leadership that hides its sins behind a blanket of undeserved executive privilege. In the new era Zambians will be free to give full vent to their opinions within the bounds of common decency and an aversion to bearing false witness.

vi) Within 30 days repeal the Pub1ic Order Act to enable Zambians to freely assemble without harassment from State Agents.

March 20, 2011 at 16:21 Leave a comment

PF Manifesto 2007 Zambia

To see the full version of the document, please click PF Manifesto 2007 Zambia to open a pdf-file.

PATRIOTIC FRONT (from the Original document)

MANIFESTO

(PF Logo)

RESTORATION OF HUMAN DIGNITY THROUGH SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT BASED ON OBSERVANCE OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND RULE OF LAW

PATRIOTIC FRONT FOR LOW TAXES

LOCAL AND FOREIGN INVESTMENT AND EMPLOYMENT CREATION

FOR MORE MONEY IN POCKETS OF INDIVIDUALS AND FAMILIES AND BETTER LIVES FOR ALL

VOTE FOR PATRIOTIC FRONT

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ZAMBIA: THE BACKGROUND … 1
FOREWORD BY THE PRESIDENT … 3
1. LEGAL AND CONSTITUTIONAL REFORMS … 5
2. CABINET … 6
3. HOME AFFAIRS … 6
3.1 THE POLICE SERVICE … 6
3.1.1 HOUSING … 6
3.1.2 TRAINING … 7
3.1.3 CONDITIONS OF SERVICE … 7
3.2 IMMIGRATION … 7
3.2.1 POLICY … 7
3.2.2 CONDITIONS OF SERVICE, TRAINING AND HOUSING FOR IMMIGRATION OFFICERS AND OTHER CIVIL SERVANTS … 8
3.3 NATIONAL REGISTRATION … 8
3.3.1 POLICY … 8
3.4. THE DRUG ENFORCEMENT COMMISSION AND ANTI-CORRUPTION COMMISSION … 8
4. CORRECTIONAL SERVICES (PRISON SERVICES) … 8
4.1 REFORM AND REHABILITATION OF INMATES … 9
4.2 CORRECTIONAL OFFICERS (PRISON OFFICERS) … 9
4.2.1 TRAINING … 9
4.2.2 HOUSING … 9
4.2.3 CONDITIONS OF SERVICE … 10
5. EDUCATION … 10
5.1 PRIMARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION … 10
5.1.1 CONDITIONS OF SERVICE OF TEACHERS … 11
5.2 PRIVATE AND GRANT-AIDED EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS … 12
5.3 TERTIARY EDUCATION … 12
5.4 UNIVERSITIES … 13
6. LOCAL GOVERNMENT … 14
6.2 MUNICIPAL AND CITY COUNCILS … 15
6.3 RURAL COUNCILS … 15
6.3.1 THE ROLE OF TRADITIONAL AUTHORITIES … 17
6.4 PROVISION OF SERVICES … 17
6.4.1 HOUSING DEVELOPMENT … 17
6.5 PARTICIPATION IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT … 18
7. AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT … 18
7.1 AGRICULTURAL MARKETING … 19
7.2 NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY … 20
8. COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AND SOCIAL WELFARE … 20
8.1 COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AND SOCIAL WELFARE … 20
8.2 EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION … 21
9. ENERGY AND WATER DEVELOPMENT … 21
10. LAND … 23
11. MINES AND MINERALS DEVELOPMENT … 24
11.1 MINING, COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL IMPACTS … 26
12. FINANCE … 27
12.1 FINANCE AND PLANNING … 27
12.2 TAXATION … 27
12.2.1 BROADENING OF THE TAX BASE … 28
12.3 BUDGET … 28
13. COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY … 28
14. SOCIAL SECURITY … 29
15. DEFENCE AND SECURITY … 30
16. AFFIRMATIVE ACTION … 30
16.1 GENDER POLICY … 30
16.2 YOUTH POLICY … 32
16.3 POLICY ON THE DIFFERENTLY – CHALLENGED … 32
17. THE MEDIA … 33
18. TOURISM AND WILD LIFE PROTECTION AREAS … 34
19. ENVIRONMENT, FORESTRY AND NATURAL RESOURCES … 36
19.1 WATER … 37
19.2 FISHERIES … 37
20. HEALTH POLICY … 38
20.1 CONDITIONS OF STAFF OF MEDICAL PERSONNEL … 39
21. COMMUNICATION AND TRANSPORT … 40
21.1 POSTAL SERVICES … 40
21.2 INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY … 40
21.3 TRANSPORT … 41
21.3.1 RAILWAY TRANSPORT … 41
21.3.2 ROAD NETWORK … 42
21.3.2.1 ROAD SAFETY MEASURES … 42
21.3.3 AIR TRANSPORT … 42
21.3.4 WATER TRANSPORT … 42
22. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS … 43
23. LABOUR … 44
24. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY … 44
25. THE ARTS, SPORTS AND RECREATION … 46

ZAMBIA: THE BACKGROUND

Zambia is a landlocked country covering an area of 752,612 square kilometres (about 2.5% of Africa). It shares borders with the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Mozambique to the east, Zimbabwe and Botswana to the south, Namibia to the southwest, and Angola to the west. Administratively, the country is divided into nine provinces and 72 districts. Of the nine provinces, two are predominantly urban – Lusaka and the Copperbelt. The remaining provinces – Central, Eastern, Luapula, Northern, North Western, Southern and Western – are predominantly rural. The country is situated on the great plateau of south central Africa. Its vegetation is mainly savannah woodlands and grassland. The country has a pleasant sub – tropical climate with three distinct seasons: the cool and dry season, the hot and dry season, and the hot and wet season. The country is well endowed with natural resources. It has five main rivers: the Zambezi, Kafue, Luangwa, Luapula, and Chambeshi. In addition, the country also has the lakes Tanganyika, Mweru, Mweru Wa Ntipa, Bangweulu, and the manmade lakes Kariba and Itezhi-tezhi. Other interesting features include the Victoria Falls on the Zambezi river bordering Zimbabwe. Prior to independence on October 24, 1964, Zambia was known as Northern Rhodesia. In the late nineteenth century, various parts of what was to become Northern Rhodesia were administered by the British South Africa Company. In 1924, the British Colonial Office assumed responsibility for administering the territory. In 1953, Northern Rhodesia joined the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland which was dissolved in 1963. British colonial rule was characterised by a general neglect of the needs and aspirations of the population. After attaining independence, the first Zambian government found itself with considerable financial resources at its disposal, largely derived from copper mining. The government embarked on a major programme of developing the social, physical and economic infrastructure of the country. Education was made compulsory and health services were provided free of charge. Zambia’s economy consists of a modern urban-oriented sector and a rural agricultural sector. For many years, the modern sector had been dominated by parastatal organisations, while private businesses predominated in the construction and agricultural sectors. Since 1991, with the introduction of a liberalised market-oriented economy, most parastatals have been privatised and, in some cases, liquidated. Copper mining is still the country’s main economic activity, accounting for 95% of export earnings and contributing 45% of government revenue during the decade following the attainment of political independence (1965-1975). In the mid-1970s, following a sharp decline in copper prices and a sharp increase in oil prices, the country’s economy started to deteriorate. Attempts were made to minimise dependency on copper exports by diversifying the economy through the creation of import substitution parastatals. This effort did not achieve the desired results. Despite being abundantly endowed with natural resources, Zambia has undergone traumatic experiences in its economic life over the last twenty years. This has resulted in a number of policy experiments meant to lift the country from its economic quagmire. One of these policy experiments, as the economy reached stagnation, was the Structural Adjustment Programme (SAP) which was initiated in the 1980s. The SAP, however, failed to alter the economy structurally and exacerbated poverty among the majority of Zambians. Currently, around 80% of Zambians are classified as poor. Poverty is more prevalent in rural areas compared to urban areas (83% and 56%, respectively). In the 1990s and the early part of this century, other attempts at economic resuscitation were attempted. In 1991, the new Government launched an Economic Recovery Programme (ERP) aimed at reversing the protracted decline in the economy by stimulating sustained positive growth, improved living standards, and quality of life. In 2001, the government initiated the development and implementation of a broad-based Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) aimed at reducing poverty and improving living conditions of the people. Unfortunately all efforts to revive the economy have at best resulted only in cosmetic changes. To date, all human development indicators – per capita, income, life expectancy, infant mortality, literacy, etc. – reveal a bleak picture for the country’s future, making the prospect of achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGS) a daunting, if not impossible task. Whilst realizing the enormity of the problems facing our country, the PF remains undaunted in its determination to turn the situation around for the people of Zambia. To this end, the PF intends to usher in dramatic changes that will radically transform this country into a model for the rest of the African continent to emulate. This manifesto represents the future of Zambia as we project it under a PF government.

2006 PATRIOTIC FRONT MANIFESTO

FOREWORD BY THE PRESIDENT

The 2006 elections give us an opportunity to make right all that went wrong before the 2001 elections and indeed all that has since gone wrong since the fraudulent 2001 elections, which produced a government with a with a highly questionable mandate. He has since imposed himself on our people and our state institutions, but without any regard for the views, suffering and plight of our people. The MMD regime has ignored and rejected the need to address all the important issues that have required serious attention since the 2001 elections. Calls for a new Republican Constitution that reflects the will of the people, and which could stand the test of time, being enacted before the 2006 elections, for example, have fallen on a deaf Republican President. The MMD regime has thrived on nepotism. All the key positions in state institutions have been filled with relatives and friends, and without any regard to their abilities and capacities to serve the people of Zambia efficiently. Our fragile, but promising economy has also been mismanaged through the wilful mismanagement of the exchange rate, imposition of punitive and exploitative taxes, and failure to provide critical essential infrastructure and services. As a result, poverty has become entrenched and endemic among our people, especially among those without access to jobs and essential infrastructure and service, both in urban and rural areas. Individuals and our struggling industries are also inconvenienced on a daily basis by poor management of the energy sector, which has resulted in constant, but unpredictable load shedding and the ever recurring, but crippling shortages of petroleum products, as well as loss of jobs. As a result, the much sought after jobs by our people have been sacrificed, so that MMD regime could claim some dubious and illusory economic achievement in the name of a meaningless strong Kwacha. The main beneficiaries of the MMD regime, apart from relatives and friends, are mostly foreigners. Those who have put themselves at the service of a regime, whose leaders seem to have no conscience, because they have not been moved by the plight and suffering of the Zambian workers, who have been reduced to daily casual employees in their own land, while foreign firms and consultants feast on their sweat and diminishing natural resources. Fellow countrymen and women, we can put all the evils and suffering we have experienced under the MMD regime to an end. We have an opportunity to free ourselves from misrule, humiliation and abuse by an incompetent regime. The Patriotic Front has listened to the cries of the least among us. It is for this reason that we refused to walk away from the challenge of providing leadership to our people. We have been resolute and steadfast. We cannot walk away when our country is bleeding, for lack of care and leadership, when our people are crying out, for one of their own to lead them and speak out for them. The good lord has been gracious too. He has protected us from all evil and enabled us to survive unimaginable humiliation and harassment. God has given us the strength to offer ourselves to our people, so that we can be of service to them. In this manifesto, fellow countrymen and women, you will find our diagnosis and solutions to the challenges that face our country today. Among the challenges is the need to restore human dignity, to place respect of human rights at the fore of all our policies and programmes. We have, therefore, developed policies and programmes designed to restore human dignity through employment creation and provision of essential infrastructure and services. Give us the mandate to preside over the affairs of our country. We shall deal with its problems squarely and with due diligence. We shall not waste a second on fruitless vengeance, as has been the custom. For us, vengeance is for God. We are ready to serve our people and our country with diligence and zeal. We shall reduce taxes to resuscitate our economy, manage the exchange rate responsibly and with employment creation and growing our economy in mind. Our economic policies will create jobs and allow individuals and families to rebuild their lives and dignity. My fellow citizens, we can create a new social order in our land. Zambians can again have a future to look forward to. We can have a new country in which people look out and support one another. Give us your vote, and we shall change Zambia for the better. We have a competent team to manage the affairs of our country. Our candidates in the elections will be selected by the local people in all the wards and constituencies throughout Zambia. Our season of service is nigh and we look forward to being of service to you all.

Michael C. Sata
PRESIDENT

March 10, 2011 at 16:17 Leave a comment

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This blog is about countries of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) regarding societies, political parties and policies. Most interest will be spent on the countries: Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa and Zambia.

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