Posts tagged ‘AFORD’

AFORD Manifesto 2009 Malawi

To see the full version of the document, please click AFORD Manifesto 2009 Malawi to open a pdf-file.

ALLIANCE FOR DEMOCRACY (AFORD) (from the Original document)

MANIFESTO OF 2009 – 2014

Investing in our People

Message of Hope from the President to All Malawians: Investing in our people

Fellow Malawians,

Together through struggle we attained our freedom. The days of death and darkness are long gone. The light of freedom we have is challenging the departed darkness of a single dictatorship; and the dark days of despair have given way to AFORD as season of hope. Fifteen years ago today, Malawians ushered in a government of the people that removed the terrible system of the single party dictatorship. Our central challenge for the next 5 years is to use the experience we have gained, the policies we have put in place and the institutions of democracy we caused to create, to bring about even greater change than Malawi has achieved in the past 15 years. We must therefore act together in conditions of social discipline further in order to give a rebirth to a Malawi committed to the respect of Human rights, the rule of law, democratic governance and adherence to a market economy where government and the private sector are genuine and pragmatic partners in the process of development. Thus create a Malawi that is committed to acting together to solve the national problems that confront all of us as well as advancing of national unity and reconciliation. Today, Malawians enjoy relatively better conditions of peace and dignity. AFORD will help build a united nation where they will join hands without regard to tribe, gender, faith or colour. Each of our communities will be free at last to express its linguistic and cultural identity without discrimination. AFORD is determined to inspire a new patriotism where we can truly say Malawi belongs to all who live in it. AFORD strives to further promote the right to speak freely, to organise freely, and to criticise without fear of prosecution, torture or retribution. Should these changes we initiated in AFORD go on? Should the efforts that emerged to build a democratic country of our dreams on this continent of Africa continue? This is the key question that each of us will have to answer on the 19th May, 2009. We are certain that you will answer “Yes, we urge you to do so”, and thus joining the national partnership to build a progressive nation through intense mass mobilisation for transformation, reconstruction and development. The democratic values must go on at faster pace! VOTE AFORD so that together we can speed up the journey to a better life – a better Malawi.

– AFORD, together with people destroyed the single party dictatorship;
– AFORD led the struggle for very genuine freedom and democracy acting together with its alliance partners such as the faith community and the great majority of Malawians;
– AFORD is the only party that puts people at the centre of economic development in democratic decision making and resource allocation. There is more to be done: It is not enough to have a vote.

It is not enough for equality to be written in constitution and laws. The quest for struggle for change has to continue and must be speeded up to ensure a better life for all. There are huge difficulties that we must address: inequality, growing unemployment, crime and corruption, poverty and HIV / Aids pandemic. Arguably, only AFORD has the vision and determination to attack the root causes of these and other related problems. Over the past fifteen years of existence, AFORD has influenced the foundation for a better and democratic future.

Together with the people of Malawi AFORD has:
– Assisted to put in place a better constitutional order: Rights of all citizens are enshrined in the constitution which must guide us in building a non – racial and democratic society;
– Introduced laws which provided for change: Since 1994 AFORD influenced enactment of many laws intended for the advancement of equality and general improvement of the lives of all Malawians;
– Equal treatment of all: AFORD influenced changes in the structures of the public service and championed the affirmative action in all important social areas;
– Workers rights: Through the constitution and many laws, AFORD assisted in ensuring that the rights for all workers including farm and domestic workers are respected.
This is the great inspiration for nationhood. The principles of AFORD as expressed in our Constitution have elevated the party to a status of a political home for all Malawians with a hope to uniting in the spirit of our renewed Nationhood by our common passion for our country, mobilising the creative spirit inherent in our rich diversity towards our transformation into a prosperous nation. Our vision is inspired by a deep commitment to change the painful living conditions still affecting so many Malawians today. The majority of Malawians are still victims of the devastating effects of poverty and neglect. This deprives them of hope and relegates them to a state of despair. It destroys their capacity to achieve. This poverty is entrenched by the increasing gap between the rich and the poor, a direct result of the imbalance of the past and the current government’s performance. Indeed, as AFORD we will unite Malawians from all communities in a new political home. To this end, we will address poverty and imbalances in our society, inspired by our unifying love of our country and its people. It is our noble calling to set free the creative power inherent in our diversity and will cooperate with all stakeholders to ensure a quality life and individual freedom for every citizen based on good governance and civil order. Our call to service is premised on the core values that inspire us, namely:
– Respect for the life, dignity and human worth of every individual;
– Integrity in private and public life;
– The individual rights and freedoms enshrined in our constitution;
– Tolerance and respect for the rights and freedoms of others;
– Solidarity in the common spiritual ownership of all that is good in our country;
– National self discipline based on an acceptance that each right carries with it a corresponding and equal obligation and responsibility;
– National moral regeneration towards a clear distinction between right and wrong, between good and evil, between what is acceptable conduct and what is not;
– Economic policies based on moral values;
– Freedom of religion and worship.
AFORD believes in a responsible government. By applying a new ethical framework of incorruptibility, accountability, transparency and impartiality to our government, we will provide hope and direction for all Malawians. We must restore faith in the government and we must ignite a spirit of national pride. We are different from other political parties, because we practice and promote Malawian nationhood across all historically divided barriers, creating a new political home for Malawians. We are not another opposition party but we are the alternative government. We are standing on the threshold of a new Malawi and it is invaluable that for each one of us to look back, reflect, take stock of the past and think critically about our future. It is up to each one of us to change and steer our country into a better future.


December 30, 2010 at 15:59 Leave a comment

AFORD Manifesto 1999 Malawi

For the full version of the document, please click AFORD Manifesto 1999 Malawi to open a pdf-file.

THE ALLIANCE FOR DEMOCRACY (AFORD) (from the Original document)


Building Malawi with a Human Face

The Rt. Hon. Chakufwa Tom Chihana





1.0 Political Perspective … 3
1.1 Social and Economic Perspective … 4


3.1 Freedom and Personal Security … 9
3.2 Freedom of Religion and of Association … 10

4.1 Multi-party Democratic Principles … 12
4.2 Legislative Authority … 12
4.3 The Senate … 13
4.4 Administration of Justice … 14
4.5 The Executive … 15
4.6 Security Services … 15
4.6.1 The Army / Defence Force … 16
4.6.2 The Police Force … 16
4.6.3 Intelligence Service … 17
4.6.4 The Prisons … 18
4.7 The Public Service … 18
4.8 Parastatal Institutions … 20
4.9 Local Government … 21

5.1 Economic Liberalisation … 23
5.2 Economic Planning and Development … 24
5.3 Employment Creation … 25

6. ECONOMIC (Production) SECTORS … 27
6.1 Agriculture Sector … 27
6.2 Tourism Sector … 29
6.3 Mining Sector … 30
6.4 Fisheries Sector … 31
6.5 Land … 32
6.6 Natural Resourccs and the Environment … 33
6.7 Industry, Commerce and Foreign Trade Sector … 34
6.8 Small-Scale Enterpriscs (SSE) Sector … 36

7.1 Roads and Road Transport Sector … 38
7.2 Railway and Marine Services Sectors … 39
7.3 Energy and Electrification Sector … 40
7.4 Posts and Telecommunications Sector … 41
7.5 Air Transport Sector … 42
7.6 Water and Sanitation Sector … 43

8.1 Fiscal Policy … 45
8.1.1 Government Expenditure … 45
8.1.2 Taxation Policy … 47
8.1.3 Public External Debt … 48
8.2 Monetary Policy … 48
8.2.1 Inflation and Money Supply … 49
8.2.2 Reserve Bank of Malawi … 50
8.2.3 Exchange Rate Policy … 51
8.2.4 Foreign Exchange (Forex) … 52
8.2.5 Banking and Finance Sector … 53 Formal Financial Sector … 53 Informal Financial Sector … 54

9.1 Education and Training Sector … 55
9.2 Art and Culture … 57
9.3 Sport and Recreation … 58
9.4 Youth Development … 58
9.5 Mentally and Physically Disabled Persons … 60
9.6 Women … 60
9.7 Health Services Sector … 61
9.8 Media and Information Sector … 63
9.9 Science and Technology … 64
9.10 Senior Citizens (the Aged) … 65
9.11 Housing Sector … 66
9.12 Population Development and Planning … 67
9.13 Labour and Industrial Relations … 68




You will recall that the Alliance for Democracy (AFORD) is the political party in Malawi that spearheaded the introduction of multi-party democracy in Malawi after three decades of one-party authoritarian rule. This was achieved in 1993 through a national referendum; and it culminated into the holding of the multi-party general elections in 1994, which the United Democratic Front (UDF) won. The UDF was thus given the mandate by the Malawi nation to govern the country for a period of five years from 1994 to 1999. You will all appreciate to know that, the Malawi nation is going to the polls in 1999 to choose a new government that will govern Malawi for the next five years. The 1999 general elections will be a challenging task for the Malawi electrorates. It is thus important for Malawians and the international community to note that:
a) The UDF leaders took the reign of government without formulating any vision for the country, and without any true commitment to the country’s development. Instead they went into government so that the Malawians could take them to their own promised land of self-enrichment, within the seas of immense poverty and at the expense of the ordinary poor people.
b) The UDF government still uses the top-down approach to the country’s social and cconomic development without involving and empowering the ordinary people in the development process, and the rich become the beneficiaries of development cndeavours.
c) Under the UDF government, Malawi is being governed in an “Animal Farm” style where egregious forms of corruption, nepotism and favouritism exist, mostly among the governing elite and their lackeys. While other countries are genuinely and seriously rooting out these tendencies, the UDF government is sustaining and condoning them, and harbouring and pampering the culprits.
d) Under the UDF govemment, lawlessness in Malawi has increased tremendously. Crime rates are high, and armed robbery is increasing by the day. Because of lack of security in the country, Malawians live like prisoners in their country or homes. Social security among the aged infirm and the disabled has deteriorated tremendously. The UDF government does not seem to care much about the welfare of the people in the country.
e) Under the UDF government, poverty in Malawi has not only increased, but that it has been intentionally aggravated and sustained. The gap between the majority poor and the few rich on income and wealth distribution  has rapidly widered, and economic empowerment of the ordinary people has been neglected. No political democracy can thus survive and flourish where the majority of the people remain in poverty, deprived of their basic needs, and live without tangible prospects for a better life.
f) Under the UDF government, the level of unemployment in the country for all categories of the labour force is surging at a high rate as the UDF government is wasting the country’s resources by indulging and wasting our money in non-productive and unnecessary ventures, such as buying Members of Parliament and political opportunists.
g) Under the UDF government the country’s infrastucture services have been destroyed unbelievably. When other coutries in the SADC region are busy improving their economies by rehabilitating, upgrading and constructing new social and economic infrastructure services, the UDF government is busy destroying them. Malawi’s economy cannot thrive or grow in the absence of adequate, reliable and sustainable social and economic infrastructure services. No foreign investors can be attractcd to invest their capital in Malawi where most of her social and economic infrastructure services are literally non-existent as they have been destroyed beyond recognition within five years since 1994.
h) Under the UDF government, the prices of agriculture inputs (e.g. fertilisers) have been put at unbelievably unaffordable levels, and this has negatively affected food production among the ordinary smallholders in the villages.
i) Under the UDF government, the standard and quality of education and health services have gone down unbelievably, to the point where things in these sectors are in a total mess.
j) Under the UDF government, the money from the donor community mcant for socio-economic development projects in the country, earmarked to address the appalling poverty among the ordinary Malawians, is being channelled in the pockets of UDF leaders and their sycophants.
k) Under the UDF government, cronyism and lack of transparency in most government operations and in the management of public finances feature high, and has been entrenched in the government system. The government treasury functions like a “Mobile clinic”, with public money carried in leaders pockets. If the UDF party continues to govern Malawi after the 1999 general elections, Malawi shall cease to exist as a modem country, instead the country shall revert to the precolonial era, and become a Banana Republic and a laughing stock in the world community of nations. The Bakili Muluzi team’s patronage and blatant self-enrichment has triggered a pervasive cynicism about the UDF government. Malaiwans need to know how that the time has come for real and genuine change in our country. The change that  will really emancipate Malawians from the political, social and economic bondage and servitude, to a truly liberated people in the true sense of the word. This can only be achieved of AFORD, the party which is the genesis of true multi-party democracy in Malawi, is voted into government in the 1999 general elections. AFORD is the only party in Malawi that has the welfare of the people at heart. It is the party that has respects for human rights, the rule of Law, democratic good governance, the invaluable role of civil servants, and multi-party democracy. The party that believes in genuine market led economic development based on people’s economic empowerment. AFORD will thus establish a multi-year economic development process linked to a multi-year budgetary framework, as this is the only way that our economy could be pragmatically managed. The party that detests corruption, power abuse, victimisation, nepotism and favouritism. This Manifesto spells out how AFORD, will address the problems that Malawians and our country face. The policies and strategies that AFORD will follow in addressing the country’s problems, are based on the noble Founding Principles of the Party. Give AFORD a deserving chnnce to govern Malawi in the true spirit of nationhood, and you will see the difference


Rt. Hon. Chakufwa Tom Chihana


December 5, 2010 at 15:53 Leave a comment

Malawi general elections – An overview

The following table includes two parts. The first part shows the outcomes of all parties of the national assembly by votes per party for each election since 1994. The second part shows the participation of the electorate for each national election since 1994. This part distinguishes between the total amount of adult people and all registered voters. Latter distinction is valid for the voter turnout.


Electoral outcome 
Votes by party / election 2009 2004 1999 1994
AFORD 0,52% 3,61% 10,56% 19,05%
DPP 58,85%
Independence 16,67% 24,23% 7,12%
MCP 14,06% 24,85% 33,80% 33,68%
UDF 8,85% 25,34% 47,30% 46,53%
Sum 99,47% 78,03%* 98,78% 99,26%
*21% were distributed to the parties: CONU, MGODE, NDA, PETRA, PPM and RP 
Adult people – 
Registered voters 5.930.949 5.745.455 5.059.736 3.800.000
Votes cast 2.946.103 3.161.587 4.492.157 2.957.153
Voter turnout all adult people
Voter turnout registered voters 49,67% 55,03% 88,78% 77,82%

Source: MEC, EISA.

June 16, 2009 at 17:11 Leave a comment

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This blog is about countries of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) regarding societies, political parties and policies. Most interest will be spent on the countries: Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa and Zambia.

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