PF Manifesto 2007 Zambia

March 10, 2011 at 16:17 Leave a comment

To see the full version of the document, please click PF Manifesto 2007 Zambia to open a pdf-file.

PATRIOTIC FRONT (from the Original document)

MANIFESTO

(PF Logo)

RESTORATION OF HUMAN DIGNITY THROUGH SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT BASED ON OBSERVANCE OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND RULE OF LAW

PATRIOTIC FRONT FOR LOW TAXES

LOCAL AND FOREIGN INVESTMENT AND EMPLOYMENT CREATION

FOR MORE MONEY IN POCKETS OF INDIVIDUALS AND FAMILIES AND BETTER LIVES FOR ALL

VOTE FOR PATRIOTIC FRONT

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ZAMBIA: THE BACKGROUND … 1
FOREWORD BY THE PRESIDENT … 3
1. LEGAL AND CONSTITUTIONAL REFORMS … 5
2. CABINET … 6
3. HOME AFFAIRS … 6
3.1 THE POLICE SERVICE … 6
3.1.1 HOUSING … 6
3.1.2 TRAINING … 7
3.1.3 CONDITIONS OF SERVICE … 7
3.2 IMMIGRATION … 7
3.2.1 POLICY … 7
3.2.2 CONDITIONS OF SERVICE, TRAINING AND HOUSING FOR IMMIGRATION OFFICERS AND OTHER CIVIL SERVANTS … 8
3.3 NATIONAL REGISTRATION … 8
3.3.1 POLICY … 8
3.4. THE DRUG ENFORCEMENT COMMISSION AND ANTI-CORRUPTION COMMISSION … 8
4. CORRECTIONAL SERVICES (PRISON SERVICES) … 8
4.1 REFORM AND REHABILITATION OF INMATES … 9
4.2 CORRECTIONAL OFFICERS (PRISON OFFICERS) … 9
4.2.1 TRAINING … 9
4.2.2 HOUSING … 9
4.2.3 CONDITIONS OF SERVICE … 10
5. EDUCATION … 10
5.1 PRIMARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION … 10
5.1.1 CONDITIONS OF SERVICE OF TEACHERS … 11
5.2 PRIVATE AND GRANT-AIDED EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS … 12
5.3 TERTIARY EDUCATION … 12
5.4 UNIVERSITIES … 13
6. LOCAL GOVERNMENT … 14
6.2 MUNICIPAL AND CITY COUNCILS … 15
6.3 RURAL COUNCILS … 15
6.3.1 THE ROLE OF TRADITIONAL AUTHORITIES … 17
6.4 PROVISION OF SERVICES … 17
6.4.1 HOUSING DEVELOPMENT … 17
6.5 PARTICIPATION IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT … 18
7. AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT … 18
7.1 AGRICULTURAL MARKETING … 19
7.2 NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY … 20
8. COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AND SOCIAL WELFARE … 20
8.1 COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AND SOCIAL WELFARE … 20
8.2 EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION … 21
9. ENERGY AND WATER DEVELOPMENT … 21
10. LAND … 23
11. MINES AND MINERALS DEVELOPMENT … 24
11.1 MINING, COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL IMPACTS … 26
12. FINANCE … 27
12.1 FINANCE AND PLANNING … 27
12.2 TAXATION … 27
12.2.1 BROADENING OF THE TAX BASE … 28
12.3 BUDGET … 28
13. COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY … 28
14. SOCIAL SECURITY … 29
15. DEFENCE AND SECURITY … 30
16. AFFIRMATIVE ACTION … 30
16.1 GENDER POLICY … 30
16.2 YOUTH POLICY … 32
16.3 POLICY ON THE DIFFERENTLY – CHALLENGED … 32
17. THE MEDIA … 33
18. TOURISM AND WILD LIFE PROTECTION AREAS … 34
19. ENVIRONMENT, FORESTRY AND NATURAL RESOURCES … 36
19.1 WATER … 37
19.2 FISHERIES … 37
20. HEALTH POLICY … 38
20.1 CONDITIONS OF STAFF OF MEDICAL PERSONNEL … 39
21. COMMUNICATION AND TRANSPORT … 40
21.1 POSTAL SERVICES … 40
21.2 INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY … 40
21.3 TRANSPORT … 41
21.3.1 RAILWAY TRANSPORT … 41
21.3.2 ROAD NETWORK … 42
21.3.2.1 ROAD SAFETY MEASURES … 42
21.3.3 AIR TRANSPORT … 42
21.3.4 WATER TRANSPORT … 42
22. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS … 43
23. LABOUR … 44
24. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY … 44
25. THE ARTS, SPORTS AND RECREATION … 46

ZAMBIA: THE BACKGROUND

Zambia is a landlocked country covering an area of 752,612 square kilometres (about 2.5% of Africa). It shares borders with the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Mozambique to the east, Zimbabwe and Botswana to the south, Namibia to the southwest, and Angola to the west. Administratively, the country is divided into nine provinces and 72 districts. Of the nine provinces, two are predominantly urban – Lusaka and the Copperbelt. The remaining provinces – Central, Eastern, Luapula, Northern, North Western, Southern and Western – are predominantly rural. The country is situated on the great plateau of south central Africa. Its vegetation is mainly savannah woodlands and grassland. The country has a pleasant sub – tropical climate with three distinct seasons: the cool and dry season, the hot and dry season, and the hot and wet season. The country is well endowed with natural resources. It has five main rivers: the Zambezi, Kafue, Luangwa, Luapula, and Chambeshi. In addition, the country also has the lakes Tanganyika, Mweru, Mweru Wa Ntipa, Bangweulu, and the manmade lakes Kariba and Itezhi-tezhi. Other interesting features include the Victoria Falls on the Zambezi river bordering Zimbabwe. Prior to independence on October 24, 1964, Zambia was known as Northern Rhodesia. In the late nineteenth century, various parts of what was to become Northern Rhodesia were administered by the British South Africa Company. In 1924, the British Colonial Office assumed responsibility for administering the territory. In 1953, Northern Rhodesia joined the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland which was dissolved in 1963. British colonial rule was characterised by a general neglect of the needs and aspirations of the population. After attaining independence, the first Zambian government found itself with considerable financial resources at its disposal, largely derived from copper mining. The government embarked on a major programme of developing the social, physical and economic infrastructure of the country. Education was made compulsory and health services were provided free of charge. Zambia’s economy consists of a modern urban-oriented sector and a rural agricultural sector. For many years, the modern sector had been dominated by parastatal organisations, while private businesses predominated in the construction and agricultural sectors. Since 1991, with the introduction of a liberalised market-oriented economy, most parastatals have been privatised and, in some cases, liquidated. Copper mining is still the country’s main economic activity, accounting for 95% of export earnings and contributing 45% of government revenue during the decade following the attainment of political independence (1965-1975). In the mid-1970s, following a sharp decline in copper prices and a sharp increase in oil prices, the country’s economy started to deteriorate. Attempts were made to minimise dependency on copper exports by diversifying the economy through the creation of import substitution parastatals. This effort did not achieve the desired results. Despite being abundantly endowed with natural resources, Zambia has undergone traumatic experiences in its economic life over the last twenty years. This has resulted in a number of policy experiments meant to lift the country from its economic quagmire. One of these policy experiments, as the economy reached stagnation, was the Structural Adjustment Programme (SAP) which was initiated in the 1980s. The SAP, however, failed to alter the economy structurally and exacerbated poverty among the majority of Zambians. Currently, around 80% of Zambians are classified as poor. Poverty is more prevalent in rural areas compared to urban areas (83% and 56%, respectively). In the 1990s and the early part of this century, other attempts at economic resuscitation were attempted. In 1991, the new Government launched an Economic Recovery Programme (ERP) aimed at reversing the protracted decline in the economy by stimulating sustained positive growth, improved living standards, and quality of life. In 2001, the government initiated the development and implementation of a broad-based Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) aimed at reducing poverty and improving living conditions of the people. Unfortunately all efforts to revive the economy have at best resulted only in cosmetic changes. To date, all human development indicators – per capita, income, life expectancy, infant mortality, literacy, etc. – reveal a bleak picture for the country’s future, making the prospect of achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGS) a daunting, if not impossible task. Whilst realizing the enormity of the problems facing our country, the PF remains undaunted in its determination to turn the situation around for the people of Zambia. To this end, the PF intends to usher in dramatic changes that will radically transform this country into a model for the rest of the African continent to emulate. This manifesto represents the future of Zambia as we project it under a PF government.

2006 PATRIOTIC FRONT MANIFESTO

FOREWORD BY THE PRESIDENT

The 2006 elections give us an opportunity to make right all that went wrong before the 2001 elections and indeed all that has since gone wrong since the fraudulent 2001 elections, which produced a government with a with a highly questionable mandate. He has since imposed himself on our people and our state institutions, but without any regard for the views, suffering and plight of our people. The MMD regime has ignored and rejected the need to address all the important issues that have required serious attention since the 2001 elections. Calls for a new Republican Constitution that reflects the will of the people, and which could stand the test of time, being enacted before the 2006 elections, for example, have fallen on a deaf Republican President. The MMD regime has thrived on nepotism. All the key positions in state institutions have been filled with relatives and friends, and without any regard to their abilities and capacities to serve the people of Zambia efficiently. Our fragile, but promising economy has also been mismanaged through the wilful mismanagement of the exchange rate, imposition of punitive and exploitative taxes, and failure to provide critical essential infrastructure and services. As a result, poverty has become entrenched and endemic among our people, especially among those without access to jobs and essential infrastructure and service, both in urban and rural areas. Individuals and our struggling industries are also inconvenienced on a daily basis by poor management of the energy sector, which has resulted in constant, but unpredictable load shedding and the ever recurring, but crippling shortages of petroleum products, as well as loss of jobs. As a result, the much sought after jobs by our people have been sacrificed, so that MMD regime could claim some dubious and illusory economic achievement in the name of a meaningless strong Kwacha. The main beneficiaries of the MMD regime, apart from relatives and friends, are mostly foreigners. Those who have put themselves at the service of a regime, whose leaders seem to have no conscience, because they have not been moved by the plight and suffering of the Zambian workers, who have been reduced to daily casual employees in their own land, while foreign firms and consultants feast on their sweat and diminishing natural resources. Fellow countrymen and women, we can put all the evils and suffering we have experienced under the MMD regime to an end. We have an opportunity to free ourselves from misrule, humiliation and abuse by an incompetent regime. The Patriotic Front has listened to the cries of the least among us. It is for this reason that we refused to walk away from the challenge of providing leadership to our people. We have been resolute and steadfast. We cannot walk away when our country is bleeding, for lack of care and leadership, when our people are crying out, for one of their own to lead them and speak out for them. The good lord has been gracious too. He has protected us from all evil and enabled us to survive unimaginable humiliation and harassment. God has given us the strength to offer ourselves to our people, so that we can be of service to them. In this manifesto, fellow countrymen and women, you will find our diagnosis and solutions to the challenges that face our country today. Among the challenges is the need to restore human dignity, to place respect of human rights at the fore of all our policies and programmes. We have, therefore, developed policies and programmes designed to restore human dignity through employment creation and provision of essential infrastructure and services. Give us the mandate to preside over the affairs of our country. We shall deal with its problems squarely and with due diligence. We shall not waste a second on fruitless vengeance, as has been the custom. For us, vengeance is for God. We are ready to serve our people and our country with diligence and zeal. We shall reduce taxes to resuscitate our economy, manage the exchange rate responsibly and with employment creation and growing our economy in mind. Our economic policies will create jobs and allow individuals and families to rebuild their lives and dignity. My fellow citizens, we can create a new social order in our land. Zambians can again have a future to look forward to. We can have a new country in which people look out and support one another. Give us your vote, and we shall change Zambia for the better. We have a competent team to manage the affairs of our country. Our candidates in the elections will be selected by the local people in all the wards and constituencies throughout Zambia. Our season of service is nigh and we look forward to being of service to you all.

Michael C. Sata
PRESIDENT

Entry filed under: Manifesto, Zambia. Tags: , , , , .

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This blog is about countries of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) regarding societies, political parties and policies. Most interest will be spent on the countries: Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa and Zambia.

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