AFORD Manifesto 1999 Malawi
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THE ALLIANCE FOR DEMOCRACY (AFORD) (from the Original document)
AFORD MANIFESTO 1999
Building Malawi with a Human Face
The Rt. Hon. Chakufwa Tom Chihana
THE PESIDENT OF AFORD
TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTERS … i-ii
PRESIDENT’S STATEMENT … 1
THE MISSION AND VISION OF AFORD … 4
1. CURRENT SITUATION IN MALAWI … 5
1.0 Political Perspective … 3
1.1 Social and Economic Perspective … 4
2. GOOD GOVERNMENT AND THE RULE OF LAW … 7
3. HUMAN RIGHTS … 9
3.1 Freedom and Personal Security … 9
3.2 Freedom of Religion and of Association … 10
4. DEMOCRATISATION OF THE GOVERNMENT … 12
4.1 Multi-party Democratic Principles … 12
4.2 Legislative Authority … 12
4.3 The Senate … 13
4.4 Administration of Justice … 14
4.5 The Executive … 15
4.6 Security Services … 15
4.6.1 The Army / Defence Force … 16
4.6.2 The Police Force … 16
4.6.3 Intelligence Service … 17
4.6.4 The Prisons … 18
4.7 The Public Service … 18
4.8 Parastatal Institutions … 20
4.9 Local Government … 21
5. BUILDING THE MALAWI ECONOMY … 22
5.1 Economic Liberalisation … 23
5.2 Economic Planning and Development … 24
5.3 Employment Creation … 25
6. ECONOMIC (Production) SECTORS … 27
6.1 Agriculture Sector … 27
6.2 Tourism Sector … 29
6.3 Mining Sector … 30
6.4 Fisheries Sector … 31
6.5 Land … 32
6.6 Natural Resourccs and the Environment … 33
6.7 Industry, Commerce and Foreign Trade Sector … 34
6.8 Small-Scale Enterpriscs (SSE) Sector … 36
7. ECONOMIC INFRASTRUCTURE SERVICES … 37
7.1 Roads and Road Transport Sector … 38
7.2 Railway and Marine Services Sectors … 39
7.3 Energy and Electrification Sector … 40
7.4 Posts and Telecommunications Sector … 41
7.5 Air Transport Sector … 42
7.6 Water and Sanitation Sector … 43
8. MACRO-ECONOMIC POLICIES … 44
8.1 Fiscal Policy … 45
8.1.1 Government Expenditure … 45
8.1.2 Taxation Policy … 47
8.1.3 Public External Debt … 48
8.2 Monetary Policy … 48
8.2.1 Inflation and Money Supply … 49
8.2.2 Reserve Bank of Malawi … 50
8.2.3 Exchange Rate Policy … 51
8.2.4 Foreign Exchange (Forex) … 52
8.2.5 Banking and Finance Sector … 53
184.108.40.206 Formal Financial Sector … 53
220.127.116.11 Informal Financial Sector … 54
9. SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE SERVICES … 55
9.1 Education and Training Sector … 55
9.2 Art and Culture … 57
9.3 Sport and Recreation … 58
9.4 Youth Development … 58
9.5 Mentally and Physically Disabled Persons … 60
9.6 Women … 60
9.7 Health Services Sector … 61
9.8 Media and Information Sector … 63
9.9 Science and Technology … 64
9.10 Senior Citizens (the Aged) … 65
9.11 Housing Sector … 66
9.12 Population Development and Planning … 67
9.13 Labour and Industrial Relations … 68
10. FOREIGN POLICY … 69
CONCLUSION … 71
THE PRESIDENT’S STATEMENT
You will recall that the Alliance for Democracy (AFORD) is the political party in Malawi that spearheaded the introduction of multi-party democracy in Malawi after three decades of one-party authoritarian rule. This was achieved in 1993 through a national referendum; and it culminated into the holding of the multi-party general elections in 1994, which the United Democratic Front (UDF) won. The UDF was thus given the mandate by the Malawi nation to govern the country for a period of five years from 1994 to 1999. You will all appreciate to know that, the Malawi nation is going to the polls in 1999 to choose a new government that will govern Malawi for the next five years. The 1999 general elections will be a challenging task for the Malawi electrorates. It is thus important for Malawians and the international community to note that:
a) The UDF leaders took the reign of government without formulating any vision for the country, and without any true commitment to the country’s development. Instead they went into government so that the Malawians could take them to their own promised land of self-enrichment, within the seas of immense poverty and at the expense of the ordinary poor people.
b) The UDF government still uses the top-down approach to the country’s social and cconomic development without involving and empowering the ordinary people in the development process, and the rich become the beneficiaries of development cndeavours.
c) Under the UDF government, Malawi is being governed in an “Animal Farm” style where egregious forms of corruption, nepotism and favouritism exist, mostly among the governing elite and their lackeys. While other countries are genuinely and seriously rooting out these tendencies, the UDF government is sustaining and condoning them, and harbouring and pampering the culprits.
d) Under the UDF govemment, lawlessness in Malawi has increased tremendously. Crime rates are high, and armed robbery is increasing by the day. Because of lack of security in the country, Malawians live like prisoners in their country or homes. Social security among the aged infirm and the disabled has deteriorated tremendously. The UDF government does not seem to care much about the welfare of the people in the country.
e) Under the UDF government, poverty in Malawi has not only increased, but that it has been intentionally aggravated and sustained. The gap between the majority poor and the few rich on income and wealth distribution has rapidly widered, and economic empowerment of the ordinary people has been neglected. No political democracy can thus survive and flourish where the majority of the people remain in poverty, deprived of their basic needs, and live without tangible prospects for a better life.
f) Under the UDF government, the level of unemployment in the country for all categories of the labour force is surging at a high rate as the UDF government is wasting the country’s resources by indulging and wasting our money in non-productive and unnecessary ventures, such as buying Members of Parliament and political opportunists.
g) Under the UDF government the country’s infrastucture services have been destroyed unbelievably. When other coutries in the SADC region are busy improving their economies by rehabilitating, upgrading and constructing new social and economic infrastructure services, the UDF government is busy destroying them. Malawi’s economy cannot thrive or grow in the absence of adequate, reliable and sustainable social and economic infrastructure services. No foreign investors can be attractcd to invest their capital in Malawi where most of her social and economic infrastructure services are literally non-existent as they have been destroyed beyond recognition within five years since 1994.
h) Under the UDF government, the prices of agriculture inputs (e.g. fertilisers) have been put at unbelievably unaffordable levels, and this has negatively affected food production among the ordinary smallholders in the villages.
i) Under the UDF government, the standard and quality of education and health services have gone down unbelievably, to the point where things in these sectors are in a total mess.
j) Under the UDF government, the money from the donor community mcant for socio-economic development projects in the country, earmarked to address the appalling poverty among the ordinary Malawians, is being channelled in the pockets of UDF leaders and their sycophants.
k) Under the UDF government, cronyism and lack of transparency in most government operations and in the management of public finances feature high, and has been entrenched in the government system. The government treasury functions like a “Mobile clinic”, with public money carried in leaders pockets. If the UDF party continues to govern Malawi after the 1999 general elections, Malawi shall cease to exist as a modem country, instead the country shall revert to the precolonial era, and become a Banana Republic and a laughing stock in the world community of nations. The Bakili Muluzi team’s patronage and blatant self-enrichment has triggered a pervasive cynicism about the UDF government. Malaiwans need to know how that the time has come for real and genuine change in our country. The change that will really emancipate Malawians from the political, social and economic bondage and servitude, to a truly liberated people in the true sense of the word. This can only be achieved of AFORD, the party which is the genesis of true multi-party democracy in Malawi, is voted into government in the 1999 general elections. AFORD is the only party in Malawi that has the welfare of the people at heart. It is the party that has respects for human rights, the rule of Law, democratic good governance, the invaluable role of civil servants, and multi-party democracy. The party that believes in genuine market led economic development based on people’s economic empowerment. AFORD will thus establish a multi-year economic development process linked to a multi-year budgetary framework, as this is the only way that our economy could be pragmatically managed. The party that detests corruption, power abuse, victimisation, nepotism and favouritism. This Manifesto spells out how AFORD, will address the problems that Malawians and our country face. The policies and strategies that AFORD will follow in addressing the country’s problems, are based on the noble Founding Principles of the Party. Give AFORD a deserving chnnce to govern Malawi in the true spirit of nationhood, and you will see the difference
THE TIME!! HAS COME.
Rt. Hon. Chakufwa Tom Chihana
THE PARTY PRESIDENT